• July 24th, 2024
  • Wednesday, 08:57:25 PM

U.S. Reopens Land Borders with México to Vaccinated Travelers

Photo: Ivan Pierre Aguirre for The Texas Tribune Susana García, left, embraces her sister, Martha García, on Nov. 8 near the Paso del Norte port of entry in El Paso, Texas after not seeing her for nearly two years.


By Uriel J. García


The Solis sisters were excited to return to El Paso nearly two years since their last visit.


After waiting 30 minutes to cross the international bridge that connects Ciudad Juárez to El Paso, Texas, last week, 23-year-old Elizabeth Solis took out her iPhone to begin recording her experience walking onto the American side, 20 months after her last visit. Before the COVID-induced travel restrictions, she said they would go to El Paso every weekend to visit aunts, uncles and cousins.


Photo: Ivan Pierre Aguirre for The Texas Tribune A man shows his México-issued vaccination card as he waits at the bridge to cross into

She and her sister, Adamaris Solis, 22, were heading to McDonald’s to get coffee and egg McMuffin and McGriddle sandwiches. Then they planned to shop in downtown El Paso, where they used to buy all their clothes before the pandemic started. They said what they missed the most about El Paso were the people.


“There’s a lot of insecurity [in Juárez] so people are a bit more defensive there,” the younger Solis said. “And people here are just more polite.”


As people crossed the international bridge from México by foot or vehicle, three people with a local radio station held signs that read “Happy to see you again” and “We missed you.”


U.S. Customs and Border Protection had warned there would be long waits for pedestrians and vehicles, but the Solis sisters and others said they waited less time on November 8, than before the pandemic began.


After 19 months of closure, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security reopened ports of entry to vaccinated travelers from México on Nov. 8, a long-awaited event for business owners who depend on tourists and Mexican nationals who had not been able to visit family on the American side for more than a year and a half.


In March 2020, in an effort to fight the spread of COVID-19, the Trump administration closed the land borders to all but U.S. citizens, legal permanent residents and any other travelers considered essential, such as health care workers or students. Mexican nationals with tourist visas were barred from entering the U.S.


From Brownsville to El Paso, pedestrian crossings at ports of entry dropped drastically, according to the U.S. Department of Transportation statistics.


“I feel an immense amount of joy for those who will finally reunite with family and friends after 19 months. This is a true celebration especially with the holidays right around the corner.”
Peter Saenz, Mayor of Laredo, TX


Last week, some ports of entry that are operated 24 hours a day reopened at midnight. Others reopened at their previously scheduled hours of operation.


Liliana Trujillo said she couldn’t wait for the border to reopen. After crossing the pedestrian bridge holding her 8-year-old son’s hand, Trujillo put her Mexican passport back in her purse. She was in a hurry, she said, because she was getting picked up by a relative on the American side who was going to take her to buy materials for her business.


She sells nail salon products in Juárez and used to buy her materials in El Paso. But when the border closed, she couldn’t buy enough to keep up with the demand of clients in México.


She tried flying to México City to buy what she needed but said it was too expensive. She said she was able to maintain the business because friends or relatives would buy the materials and take them across the bridge to her, but that wasn’t always consistent.


Gracia Prieto-Torres, a 64-year-old retired factory worker, was also happy to cross the bridge again. Before the restrictions, the widowed mother of two adult sons said she would come to El Paso from Juárez every three days or so to shop, eat and pass the time. With winter coming, she was shopping for jackets, sweaters and blankets.


That’s what El Paso business owners have been waiting for: Mexican tourists coming to spend their money.


Kim Indock, who owns a shoe store near the bridge and was sweeping the front of the store on the morning of Nov. 8, said she lost a lot of customers because of the pandemic travel restrictions. While her store wasn’t bustling last week, she expects business to pick up more as Christmas shoppers start coming across.


Gisel Barraza, 23, who has worked at Sunrise Wigs for the past five years, said the past nearly two years have been slow because of COVID-19 restrictions and the store has reduced staffing from five employees at a time on the floor to two.


“We’re expecting for the store to be busy this weekend,” she said as she sat on a stool by the store’s cash register.


To enter the U.S., Mexican nationals with visas will need to prove they have received a COVID-19 vaccine approved by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The proof, such as a vaccination card, can be in English or Spanish and in physical or electronic format. Travelers need to have the proof of vaccination with them at all times.


The requirements do not apply to children 17 years old or younger, Customs and Border Protection officials said.


Starting in January, non-U.S. citizens and nonpermanent residents traveling for essential purposes will also have to start showing proof of vaccination at land crossings to enter the U.S.


El Paso, which operates some of the busiest points of entry into the U.S., reported 3 million pedestrian crossings in 2020, a 60% drop compared with the year before. In Brownsville, pedestrian crossings plunged 53% from 2019 to 2020. Both cities saw vehicle crossings drop by roughly half over the same period.


Border Patrol officials said they expect longer lines at the border as the holidays approach and asked potential travelers to have their documentation ready to ease the process.


“We do anticipate more travelers, especially as we head into the holiday season. Everybody should expect longer wait times. That’s the reality of what we’re going to see,” Ray Provencio, acting El Paso port director, said in a recent statement. “By being prepared to the point where every traveler can save just a few seconds in the process will add up into real-time savings for all travelers at our local border crossings.”


Many who crossed the border Nov. 8, said they waited between 15 minutes to half an hour, compared to significantly longer waits pre-pandemic.


In Laredo, U.S. Rep. Henry Cuellar, Laredo Mayor Peter Saenz and some Mexican elected officials held an event at the international bridge connecting the city with Nuevo Laredo last week to welcome Mexican shoppers and tourists back.


“On a personal note, I feel an immense amount of joy for those who will finally reunite with family and friends after 19 months. This is a true celebration especially with the holidays right around the corner,” said Saenz.



Uriel J. García is an Immigration Reporter for The Texas Tribune. Originally published by The Texas Tribune.


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